Paying attention to cybersecurity is a prerequisite for any business in the 21st century. All companies, all governments and every individual needs to be careful when it comes to cybersecurity.
Take, for example, this recent article from CNBC. It highlights how connected cities could be the next target of cyberattacks. Basically, the article highlights how cities are becoming more and more connected with smart devices, apps and sensors to improve the lives of citizens. But all of the data generated from these connected devices is exceptionally interesting for cybercriminals.
What this illustrates is that cybercriminals are always looking for the next target. As such, all companies, all governments and every individual needs to be careful when it comes to cybersecurity.
Differing approaches to cybersecurity
According to the Enterprise Security Group, there are three types of companies when it comes to approaches to cybersecurity. These companies are grouped based on their philosophy, technologies, processes and people.
Here’s a breakdown of each:
In this company, cybersecurity is viewed as a “necessary evil”. The team in charge of keeping the company safe is small, with limited skills. The chief information security officer (CISO) reports to IT. This group is quite informal and IT drives it. As far as technology goes, this company has the bare minimum, with a focus on prevention and compliance.
This organisation believes that cybersecurity solutions should be factored into all the aspects of the business. With a more advanced range of cybersecurity solutions and resources, this team is better coordinated with the IT department, and also has more autonomy. Their processes, though, are informal and their skills are limited. This CISO reports to the chief operating officer (COO).
Cybersecurity is part of their business culture. The CISO is an active participant in boardroom decisions and reports directly to the chief executive officer (CEO). The people in this security team are well trained and work in an appropriate environment. Their processes are formal and geared towards automation. This team focuses on incident prevention, detection and response.
In line with this, when discussing the differences between organisations that prioritise cybersecurity and make it a part of their culture, and those that do the bare minimum, security maturity can be divided into five levels.
- Level 1. Security processes are undefined, unorganised, unstructured and can’t be easily replicated. Success depends on individual efforts and functions are not repeatable or scalable/adjustable.
- Level 2. Basic project management techniques are established and successes can be repeated. Processes are documented and defined.
- Level 3. Security efforts are well documented, standardised and support processes are understood.
- Level 4. These businesses monitor and control their own security processes via data collection and the strategic analysis of this data.
- Level 5. Businesses at this level are constantly improving processes by monitoring feedback and changing things to better serve the business’ needs.
With the right partner, choosing the right cybersecurity solutions to meet your business needs is no problem at all.